據 Rahamri 所觀察，在這期間，耶路撒冷有大量石工人，石工業興旺，亦可見於大量在耶路撒冷出土的石器。擴建聖殿產生許多較小的石塊，所以便引伸石骨盒的出現。再者，石骨盒上的裝飾，與希律時代的建築裝飾一致。這些觀察表示，石骨盒葬儀，與大希律時期的石工業便有密切的經濟互惠關係。“Therefore, we cannot link the use of ossuaries with a belief in bodily resurrection. Some ossuaries even appear to have contained the bones of Sadducees, who by all accounts did not believe in the resurrection of the dead. For example, members of the family of Caiaphas, the Sadducean high priest who, according to gospel accounts, presided over Jesus’ trial, were apparently buried in ossuaries” (Fine 2001).
石骨盒在大希律開始出現，直到主後三世紀上半葉才消失(Rahmani 1981: 175)。
McCane 1990: 36-37。Rabbi Eleazar bar Zadok said; Thus spoke father at the time of his death: “My son, bury me at first in a fosse (希 biq’ah，指讓屍體腐化用的暫時墳墓). In the course of time, collect my bones and put them in an ossuary; but do not gather them with your own hands.” And thus I did attend him: Johanan entered, collected the bones, and spread a sheet over them. I then came in, rent my clothes for them, and sprinkled dried herbs over them. Just as he attended his father, I attended him.